GitHub Cheatsheet is for You

You know that if you are working with some project. Some simple or basic technique you can’t remember. So at that time you had to recall all from first. At that time you need to read some cheat sheet to recall. Cheat sheet are small and you can read it in 2-10 min and you found what you needed. So it is important to use some cheat sheet.

INSTALLATION & GUIS
With platform specific installers for Git, GitHub also provides the ease of staying up-to-date with the latest releases of the command line tool while providing a graphical user interface for day-to-day interaction, review, and repository synchronization.

GitHub for Windows
htps://windows.github.com

GitHub for Mac
htps://mac.github.com
For Linux and Solaris platforms, the latest release is available on the official Git web site.
Git for All Platforms http://git-scm.com

SETUP
Configuring user information used across all local repositories

git config --global user.name “[firstname lastname]”
set a name that is identifiable for credit when review version history
git config --global user.email “[valid-email]”
set an email address that will be associated with each history marker
git config --global color.ui auto
set automatic command line coloring for Git for easy reviewing
SETUP & INIT
Configuring user information, initializing and cloning repositories

git init
initialize an existing directory as a Git repository
git clone [url]
retrieve an entire repository from a hosted location via URL
STAGE & SNAPSHOT
Working with snapshots and the Git staging area

git status
show modified files in working directory, staged for your next commit
git add [file]
add a file as it looks now to your next commit (stage)
git reset [file]
unstage a file while retaining the changes in working directory
git diff
diff of what is changed but not staged
git diff --staged
diff of what is staged but not yet commited
git commit -m “[descriptive message]”
commit your staged content as a new commit snapshot
BRANCH & MERGE
Isolating work in branches, changing context, and integrating changes

git branch
list your branches. a * will appear next to the currently active branch
git branch [branch-name]
create a new branch at the current commit
git checkout
switch to another branch and check it out into your working directory
git merge [branch]
merge the specified branch’s history into the current one
git log
show all commits in the current branch’s history
INSPECT & COMPARE
Examining logs, diffs and object information

git log
show the commit history for the currently active branch
git log branchB..branchA
show the commits on branchA that are not on branchB
git log --follow [file]
show the commits that changed file, even across renames
git diff branchB...branchA
show the diff of what is in branchA that is not in branchB
git show [SHA]
show any object in Git in human-readable format
TRACKING PATH CHANGES
Versioning file removes and path changes

git rm [file]
delete the file from project and stage the removal for commit
git mv [existing-path] [new-path]
change an existing file path and stage the move
git log --stat -M
show all commit logs with indication of any paths that moved
IGNORING PATTERNS
Preventing unintentional staging or commiting of files

    logs/
    *.notes
    pattern*/ 
Save a file with desired paterns as .gitignore with either direct string matches or wildcard globs.

git config --global core.excludesfile [file]
system wide ignore patern for all local repositories
SHARE & UPDATE
Retrieving updates from another repository and updating local repos

git remote add [alias] [url]
add a git URL as an alias
git fetch [alias]
fetch down all the branches from that Git remote
git merge [alias]/[branch]
merge a remote branch into your current branch to bring it up to date
git push [alias] [branch]
Transmit local branch commits to the remote repository branch
git pull
fetch and merge any commits from the tracking remote branch
REWRITE HISTORY
Rewriting branches, updating commits and clearing history

git rebase [branch]
apply any commits of current branch ahead of specified one
git reset --hard [commit]
clear staging area, rewrite working tree from specified commit
TEMPORARY COMMITS
Temporarily store modified, tracked files in order to change branches

git stash
Save modified and staged changes
git stash list
list stack-order of stashed file changes
git stash pop
write working from top of stash stack
git stash drop
discard the changes from top of stash stack

It is from git repo. You can found it on : https://github.com/sunanda35/cheat-sheets/blob/master/GitHub%20cheat%20sheet.md

You can find there many cheat sheet on this repo. You can change or add something missing here. Best of luck!

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